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Top Universities for MS in Project Management in USA

Numerous universities across the United States provide degrees in project management, and some of the most prestigious ones include:

  • George Washington University located in Washington, D.C.

  • Villanova University situated in Villanova, Pennsylvania

  • Boston University found in Boston, Massachusetts

  • Colorado State University located in Fort Collins, Colorado

  • Pennsylvania State University situated in University Park, Pennsylvania

  • Southern Methodist University located in Dallas, Texas

  • Stevens Institute of Technology situated in Hoboken, New Jersey

  • University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

  • University of Maryland, College Park

  • University of Southern California (USC)

It's important to keep in mind that these are only a handful of examples, and there are many other universities with strong project management programs. Prior to making a decision, it's always a good idea to thoroughly research the program offerings, faculty, and resources at a university. Additionally, consider other factors like location, cost, and program format (online or on-campus) when deciding on the best fit for your educational needs

How To Renew PMP Certification

How To Renew PMP Certification

To renew your PMP certification, you must follow these steps:

Meet the Continuing Certification Requirements (CCR).
Renewing your PMP certification requires earning 60 Professional Development Units (PDUs) over a three-year certification cycle. These PDUs must be earned in the categories of education, giving back to the profession, and working on projects.

Report your PDUs: You will need to log in to your PMI account and report all PDUs earned during the certification cycle. You will need to provide the details of the PDU activities and the corresponding number of PDUs earned.

Pay the renewal fee: PMI charges a fee for the renewal of the PMP certification. Fees may vary depending on when you renew and your PMI membership status.

Submit your renewal request:
After you have reported your earned PDUs to PMI and paid the renewal fee, your for submission will be evaluated by PMI and, if approved, your certification will be renewed immediately.

Retain proof of PDU.

It's important to track all PDU activity and the corresponding number of PDUs earned. PMI may ask you to provide proof of her PDU activity at any time. Please be aware that you must recertify before your current certification expires. You will have to retake the PMP certification exam in that case. To allow enough time for the process to finish and prevent last-minute complications, PMI also advises starting the renewal process at least 90 days prior to the expiration date.

This is how to renew PMP certification. Find here PMI PMP renewal option, which is through further education. Obtain any of the training mentioned there (you can take online) and earn your PMP PDUs

Fishbone Diagrams vs 5 Whys Root Cause Analysis

Fishbone Diagrams

The Fishbone diagrams, which are also called as the Ishikawa diagrams, or Cause and Effect 

Neugezeichnetes Diagramm nach Vorlage von Benu...

diagrams, are a valuable tool for the identification of all the potential reasons of a specific trouble. The likely causes are categorized in a methodical and graphical structure. The map symbolizes the fish bone composition. A box located at the head includes the problem statement. The backbone has various branches to indicate the grouping of problems. Every branch has boxes for listing particular problems. Every box can diverge externally, and the features are increased. There is no firm structure regarding the nature and number of branches. Some fishbone diagrams concerning manufacturing business employ 5 branches signifying Man, Machine, Materials, Methods, and Measurement, while some utilize 8 branches for Procedures, People, Price, Promotion, Processes, Plant, Product, and Policies.

5 Whys of Root Cause Analysis

This is a technique which discovers cause and effect relations to probe the problem root cause. The process involves inquiring the potential cause of the fundamental indicators, and obtaining additional information, to investigate at depth. The figure 5 is random, based on the postulation that asking why 5 times generally offers the final root cause. The technique does not limit the questions to 5 whys. Presume a difficulty as consumers waiting at store, for extensive duration. The obvious cause is inadequate number of counters to manage the customers during peak hours, or badly taught clerical staff. A 5 why analysis may recognize somewhat unusual as the root cause. This process necessitates determining as to why the clients have to stop for long durations at the counters. The reply may be that a large number of clients do shopping at the store. This reply directs another question, as to why the clients do shopping during the peak hours. The response may be reasonable cost, and products of a high quality. The questions are repeated till the ultimate root cause of the problem is established.


The dissimilarity between fishbone diagrams and 5 whys root cause analysis is basically the approach. Normally, the fishbone diagrams assist as a helpful process for the application of 5 whys. Every branch is used to collect all the whys, in a simple format. This permits the decision makers to concentrate on the whys, and recognize the root cause.

PMP Basic Quality Management Tools

Quality Management Tools

There are seven fundamental quality management tools used in project quality management, understanding of which is vital for the PMP Certification Exam. A description of these quality tools is mentioned below:

Cause and effect diagram

Also called “fishbone” diagram (since it appears like a fish) or “Ishikawa” diagram (person who founded it). It is one of the most popular quality tools. It is used to determine the root cause of a defect, error, or problem. The issue report is the effect and the likely influencing reasons are the causes. For example, an integration test of a system could fail due to:

•    Incorrect coding
•    Unsuitable environment
•    Inexperienced coder
•    Inadequate bandwidth
•    Improper test script

Each cause can be evaluated further for a more detailed cause-and-effect diagram. 
Flowcharts: It can assist to establish the association between the process stages. This information can be used for process improvement, and to identify the source where errors or problems may occur. Flowcharts are also useful for documentation of processes.

Check sheets

Can be employed for ensuring that certain necessary actions are taken constantly. Check sheets can also assist for organizing data of a quality issue. For example, frequency of a particular cause is the basis of a defect, and this information is used to create a histogram or Pareto chart for prioritization of quality problems.

Pareto diagrams

These are vertical bar charts for creation of a graphic demonstration of outcomes (types of defects or causes of defects) in a descendent arrangement. The aim is problems ranking based on the occurrence frequency, to establish the resolution sequence of the problems.


Histogram is also one of the popular quality management tools. It is a vertical bar chart, as in the Pareto diagram. However, the vertical bars are not plotted by frequency. The vertical bars display the distribution of an occurrence. For example, the shape of calls distribution received by a center. It indicates the range of results called dispersion, and also the mean or median.

Control charts

Used to establish if a process is predictable and steady. The process planned value is represented by the center line . Normally, in manufacturing processes, +/–3 standard deviations are used, which are the upper and lower control limits for the manufacturing team. The upper and lower specification limits are those limits which are indicated in the agreement or contract by the sponsor. If a measurement is near to the control limit, the project manager should take corrective action so that it is near the center line. PMBOK defines as under:

•    Control chart. A graphic display of process data plotted over time and against established control limits. It has a center line that facilitates detection of a trend of plotted values, compared with upper and lower control limits.
•    Control limits. The area comprised of three standard deviations on either side of the mean or center line, of a normal distribution that indicates the desired data variation.

Specification limits. The area on either side of the mean, of data on a control chart that meets the requirements of the customer for a service or product. 

Although control charts were originally used for monitoring of repetitive and manufacturing processes, they can also be effectively used for tracking of defects, schedule and cost variance, or any other project activity. These control charts are extremely useful in Earned Value Management, which is a project tool to identify cost and schedule variances.

Scatter diagrams

It is a matrix that displays the plotting of two variables, to establish existence of any relationship. For example, weekly working hours and the errors noticed during this period. A correlation may exist to indicate increase in defects with increase in the working hours. Consequently, after analysis, corrective or preventive actions may be taken.

These quality tools help improve business processes as well as the product, which in turn help you satisfy the customers by delivering products that meets his expectations.

Brainstorming Meaning - Brainstorming Benefits

What is Brainstorming meaning? Well, Brainstorming focuses on a relaxed and natural style to problem solving by the use of lateral thinking. Brainstorming techniques inspires individuals to generate ideas, which may even initially appear abnormal, but later may be shaped into innovative solutions. Brainstorming tools can assist people to apply their minds during the brainstorming session. During the brainstorm sessions, disapproval or approving opinions should not be encouraged. Attempt to open up options and break down inaccurate suppositions about the problem. At this stage, conclusion and evaluation prevents generation of ideas and reduces innovation. Assessment of concepts should occur at end of brainstorm session, when solution evaluation occurs.

Benefits of Brainstorming

Traditional group problem solving techniques may often not be appropriate due to unsupportive conduct of group. Though it is essential to initiate an organized, methodical process for problem solving, this may create partial and unimaginative thoughts. However, brainstorming offers an environment that stimulate everybody to contribute. Abnormal ideas are accepted for further discussion and elaboration, without any criticism and the brainstorm members are inspired to participate for fostering productive solutions.

Brainstorm can also assist team buy-in for the selected solution, as they will be more dedicated to an approach if they were engaged in its development. Furthermore, since brainstorming involves excitement, it aids bonding of the team members, as they positively resolve challenges, in an entertaining background.

Though brainstorming may be valuable, it is essential to conduct it with a non-judgment attitude, otherwise unhealthy criticism may affect the team relationships. There are different brainstorming techniques available for generation of creative ideas through brainstorming activities. 

Individual Brainstorming

Whereas group brainstorm sessions are often more helpful to generate solutions compared to routine group problem solving, numerous surveys have disclosed that brainstorming by individuals creates better ideas than in a group brainstorm session. This may occur since groups do not always strictly follow brainstorming rules, and unhealthy activities affect achievement of brainstorming goals. While you brainstorm yourself, there is no fear regarding the opinions of other people, and thus the environment is more creative. You may appreciate a solution for which you may have hesitation to discuss with other people, for which self-brainstorming is more valuable. However, development of ideas by self-brainstorming may not totally possible due to lack of experience, knowledge, and experience for which group brainstorming may be more useful.

Brainstorming by Group

Collaborative brainstorming has the benefit of the complete knowledge, experience, and creativity of all participants. Brainstorming exercises in group involve more concentration compared to brainstorming by individuals. Another advantage is the sense of participation of group members in the development of solution. Brainstorming by group is more entertaining, involving team building and fun. Use of brainstorming software may be helpful.
I hope now you know complete brainstorming meaning and its benefits. 

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